Distribution of the Red Sword-grass moth
Flight period is between September and May, over-wintering in a dormant state during the colder months.
It is locally recorded in damp woodlands and moorlands although may be under-recorded because of the often exposed nature of its habitat and its early and late flight season.
Identification of the Red Sword-grass moth
It is deceptively large with a wingspan of approx 55mm and flies at night, rarely being seen unless attracted to either light or sweet smelling lures.
In the autumn it will feed on blackberries and flowering Ivy (Hedera helix), and in spring will visit sallow catkins.
When at rest it rolls its wings up tightly and its cryptic shape and colouring make it extremely difficult to see when at rest.
Red Sword-grass caterpillar identification
The orange spiracles are outlined in black and both true legs and pro legs have orangey/yellow traces. A broad white spiracle line is highlighted above by a fine black line.
The caterpillars hatch in May and are fully grown by the end of June when they are occasionally found sitting on reeds, grasses and low vegetation prior to pupating in the soil.
This image is a green form of Red Sword-grass caterpillar recorded and photographed by Helen Sly in the RSPB Arne reserve in Dorset on 16 June 2014.
Other moth caterpillars can be seen in the gallery of British moth caterpillars
Food Plants of the Red Sword-grass caterpillar
The caterpillars feed on a variety of low growing herbaceous plants often associated with damp moorlands such as bog myrtle, heather, sedges and docks.
To supplement information gained through personal studies the following books have been consulted:
- The colour identification guide to caterpillars of the British Isles by Jim Porter.
- Field guide to the moths of Great Britain and Ireland by Waring, Townsend and Lewington.
- Provisional Atlas of the UK’s Larger Moths by Hill, Randle and Parsons.